The list of known scientists
A scientist is a person who uses science and conducts research to advance knowledge. Scientists are involved in fields such as the natural sciences, abstract sciences, applied arts, sciences, mathematics, medicine, and social sciences.
The work of scientists can be divided into two categories, the natural (physical and life) sciences and the humanities (social sciences). Famous scientists talk about their work and what they think is the future of technology. Examples of these famous scientists include Albert Einstein, Ada Lovelace, Marie Curie, and Stephen Hawking.
The following list of famous scientists is ranked by their level of fame.
Albert Einstein is known as the father of theoretical physics. He also received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his work on the photoelectric effect.
In 1915, he published a theory that would later become known as quantum theory. It was a radical new construct for describing and understanding nature called relativity, as well as positing an equivalence between energy and mass. The paper was extraordinarily influential, helping to found a unit of compensation in physics and astronomy. For example, he predicted that light should take time to travel from one place to another depending on the length of its path. This made him one of the most recognized scientists of any generation.
Isaac Newton, born on December 25, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, is the father of classical mechanics. Newton was an English physicist and mathematician who discovered the laws of motion and universal gravitation that formed the basis of classical mechanics. This famous scientist also formulated a law of cooling that states that the temperature of an object varies inversely with its mass.
He is also known as the person who contributed to the paradigm shift in functional analysis, calculus, optics and astronomy in Europe. Principia Naturalis Philosophiae is cited as his best work.
French physicist and chemist of Polish descent, Marie Curie became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person to win twice, and the only person to win twice in multiple sciences.
Marie Curie was also the first female professor at the University of Paris. Note that the research of this known scientist focused on the phenomenon of radiation, radioactivity and the isolation of radium for which she shared a Nobel Prize with her husband Pierre Curie (1859-1906) who coined the term "radioactivity."
Ada Lovelace is best known for being considered the first computer programmer. Her work on Charles Babbage's analytical engine led to plans for a general-purpose computer that she was never able to build herself before her death in 1852.
This famous scientist and pioneer of computer science was born in London on December 10, 1815. Her passion for mathematics stemmed from her mother Annabella Milbanke, who was also an avid mathematics enthusiast.
Today, its memory is still intact thanks to the programming language called ADA that many modern technologies still use: aeronautical, automotive or other technologies.
Alexander Graham Bell was a known scientist and inventor of the telephone. He was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on March 3, 1847. His mother was Eliza Grace Symonds and his father was Alexander Melville Bell. He had three brothers: two older brothers, Melville James Bell (born 1846) and Edward Charles Bell (born 1850), and a younger brother, Robert Arthur Bell (born 1858).
Bell attended the Royal High School in Edinburgh before moving to London to study at University College London where he studied science under the tutelage of physicist John Tyndall. It was there that he met Thomas Watson, who later became his partner in the company they founded under the name "Bell & Co".
In 1870, Alexander Graham Bell became professor of vocal physiology at the Boston University School of Oratory. The following year he married Mabel Hubbard and they had five children together: Elsie May (1871), Marian Hubbard (1873).
This famous inventor of the telephone and the photophone gave his first public demonstration by shouting across a room to his assistant, "Mr. Watson, come here!"
Charles Darwin is considered one of the known scientists in history. He is known to be a British scientist and naturalist. He created the theory of evolution and has had a great influence on the way we think about the natural world.
He is said to have laid the foundation for modern evolutionary theory and natural selection. His book, "The Origin of Species," has been called Darwinism or neo-Darwinism.
The scientist known was otherwise born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. His father was a wealthy physician and his mother died when he was 8 years old. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Christ Church College, Oxford University. And in 1831, he sailed to South America on the HMS Beagle as part of a five-year surveying expedition.
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